With colds, bronchitis, pneumonia and other attempts to raise body temperature. To reduce it, antibiotics are usually used. Sulfanilamide preparations, etc., but this usually not only normalizes the temperature, but also reduces immunity, contributes to the occurrence of weakness and fatigue.
It was found (V.I. Dubrovsky, 1969) that after a general massage in surgical patients in the postoperative period, the body temperature markedly decreased. The use of massage at high body temperature (38.2-39.4 ° C) is pathogenetically substantiated.
Antipyretic (hypothermic) massage improves microcirculation in the lungs, muscles and drainage function of the bronchi, etc. And if we take into account that in recent years the percentage of allergic reactions to drugs has sharply increased, then the use of antipyretic massage is physiologically justified. We can assume that the process of normalizing body temperature after massage is associated with the restructuring of neurohumoral regulation, increased microcirculation, intensification of heat transfer, sweating, etc.
Contraindications for performing hypothermic massage (antipyretic massage): influenza, acute respiratory viral infections, peritonitis, myocardial infarction, stroke, acute cholecystitis, pancreatitis, cancer, lung tuberculosis, etc.
Technique and technique of massage
Massage is carried out in a prone position. First, massage the back, using stroking, rubbing, kneading and segmental massage techniques. Then use percussion massage, which consists of tapping, striking, projections of the bronchi and segments of the lungs. After percussion massage, they again stroke and rub the back and intercostal spaces with warming (hypothermic) ointments (phipalgoids, forapin, nikoflex capsoderma, etc.).
For children and the elderly, massage is performed with warmed oil (olive, fir, eucalyptus, sunflower, etc.), with the addition of a little warming ointment. Then the patient is turned on his back and massaged the chest, intercostal muscles, and then include techniques that activate breathing (compression of the chest at the patient’s expiratory flow) and percussion massage. Chest flare massage is also completed by rubbing with warming ointments (oils).
After the end of the hypothermic antipyretic massage, the patient should be wrapped in a terry towel and covered with a blanket, given a glass of hot tea with lemon. The duration of the massage is 5-10-15 minutes; It is held in the evening. In the early days it can be carried out repeatedly, but ointments are included in the massage procedure only in the evening.
Antipyretic (hypothermic) massage is easily tolerated by children and adults.
The section on techniques and types of massage was prepared with the support of Benefit. We offer massage chairs, massage wraps and massage pillows. See also the resource “Prevention and treatment of the spine”, information and analytical portal about massage equipment.