Cryomassage (ice massage)
The therapeutic effect of cryomassage is mainly based on the fact that under the influence of cold (ice, snow, etc.), a spasm of small vessels occurs, nerve excitability decreases, and blood flow slows down.
Compresses (applications) of snow and ice reduce pain in case of bruises of soft tissues, joints, sprains and other injuries, as well as diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
The technique of cryomassage (ice massage) is simple. Take a bubble with ice or a plastic bag filled with snow, apply to a sore spot and rub it in a circle and zigzag for three to five minutes, no more, to avoid persistent narrowing of blood vessels and cyanosis. Massage not only directly sore spot, but also slightly higher and lower. For a better outflow of blood during cryomassage, it is desirable that the massaged area be elevated. In the subacute period, cryomassage is alternated with thermal procedures, light exercises, and simulator exercises.
The duration of cryomassage is from 2-3 to 5 minutes no more, in order to avoid persistent narrowing of blood vessels, cyanosis. You can cover the injured area with cold plastic bags and fix them with a bandage for 10-15 minutes. In the early days, repeat the cryomassage procedure repeatedly.
Before performing an ice massage, the injured area must be elevated. It is necessary to massage not only the injured area, but a little higher and lower. Cryomassage is carried out with one (but preferably two at once) cellophane bag.
The effectiveness of applying heat after a cold is determined by the fact that when the cold stimulus disappears, the vessels experience “relief”, expand greatly, and oxygenated blood rushes to the sore spot. This effect is further enhanced by a heating pad, it improves blood circulation and relaxes tense muscles.
The action of cold during cryomassage on body tissues is accompanied by anesthetic and anti-inflammatory effect. Cold reduces the sensitivity of nerve endings, relieving pain. Under the influence of cryomassage, swelling of painful tissues decreases and the range of motion in the joints increases.
Cryomassage is used for acute injury (bruises, sprains, tendons, etc.), as well as for some chronic diseases (osteochondrosis of the spine, shoulder-shoulder periarthritis, “tennis elbow”, arthrosis of the joints, arthritis, lumbago, etc.). In case of injuries and acute pains, massage is used every few hours for several days from the moment of pain.
Recently, cryomassage has been successfully used in the treatment of stomach ulcers. The patient is given a massage of the abdomen, leading it with an ice “warmer” for 10 to 15 minutes. The authors of the technique argue that a small ulcer (up to 0.5 cm) heals in 7 – 8 sessions of such massage, without leaving a scar.
Healing a long-term ulcer requires more procedures. Cryomassage promotes the rapid disappearance of edema, pain, increases mobility in the joint, reduces local muscle tone, increases physical (sports) performance.