Massage therapy is the main pathogenetic method for the treatment and prevention of injuries and diseases.
Medical massage, like any other type of massage, with the right choice of its techniques and the method of their use, with the right dosage, has a beneficial effect on the whole body: improving the general well-being of the person being massaged, increasing his vitality.
Thanks to therapeutic massage, it is possible to increase or decrease the general nervous excitability of the person being massaged, to activate almost lost reflexes, significantly improve tissue trophism, and the activity of many internal organs. Therapeutic massage has a positive effect on the peripheral nervous system. It is able to relieve or stop pain, improve nerve conduction, accelerate the process of its recovery in case of damage, prevent, reduce the formation of secondary changes in joints and muscles in the area of nerve damage.
The effect of therapeutic massage on the nervous system of the person being massaged is associated with environmental factors. So, its therapeutic effect during the massage is significantly reduced if the patient encounters factors such as long lines, noise and loud conversations of others before, during or after the massage session.
Therapeutic massage improves the condition of the skin and subcutaneous fat. It helps to cleanse the skin from torn away horny scales, various foreign particles that have fallen into its pores, from microbes living on its surface. In addition, it normalizes the functions of the sebaceous and sweat glands, clearing their openings of secretions, activates the blood and lymph circulation of the skin, thereby improving its nutrition. All this makes the skin supple, pink and velvety, enhances its resistance to temperature and mechanical influences.
Therapeutic massage increases the skin-muscle tone, so that the skin becomes elastic, smooth and dense. But for this to be true, it is necessary to carefully monitor the purity of the skin when prescribing massage.
The skin is a large receptive field, so massage has a beneficial effect not only on the skin itself, its vessels and muscles, but also on the central nervous system.
Therapeutic massage also affects the action of skin capillaries. It contributes to the expansion of capillaries and the opening of reserve capillaries. As a result of this, not only the massaged area, but also the areas remote from it begin to be better supplied with blood, gas exchange between the tissue and blood increases. Therapeutic massage has a positive effect on the general circulation of the body. It improves the movement of blood through the arteries, accelerates the outflow of blood through the veins.
Massage improves lymph circulation. Under its influence, unimpeded emptying of the lymphatic vessels occurs.
Therapeutic massage increases the elasticity of muscle fibers, slows their atrophy and reduces hypotrophy, improves their contractile function. In addition, massage increases the flow of oxygen to muscle fibers. Thanks to it, the muscle performance improves.
Therapeutic massage affects the overall metabolism. It helps to increase the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, hemoglobin in the blood.
A therapeutic massage session is best done before bedtime. To achieve the necessary therapeutic effect, its duration must be selected individually. Procedures are carried out daily or every other day, and depending on age (more than 60 years) if necessary. But at least 8 sessions.
The section on techniques and types of massage was prepared with the support of Benefit. We offer massage chairs, massage wraps and massage pillows. See also the resource “Prevention and treatment of the spine”, information and analytical portal about massage equipment.