Massage used to promote health, body care, disease prevention, relieve fatigue (overwork), etc., is called hygienic.
Hygienic massage was used by ancient Egyptian, Roman and Greek warriors as a means of caring for their body.
The ancient Greeks for this purpose had experienced specialists – “pedotribes”, or gymnastics teachers who own massage.
When using a bath in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Hellas, massage was combined with rubbing (scrubbing) the body with oils, ointments. The Greek baths were dedicated to Hercules and included massage and body exercises in the procedure. The art of massage in ancient Greece was owned by almost the entire population. During the massage, aromatic oils, sanding, gymnastic exercises, bathing, rubbing the body with water were used.
Greek doctors and athletes attached great importance to massage, using almost all massage techniques. The famous Galen developed various indications for morning and evening massage.
Hygienic massage can be general or private and performed by a masseur or in the form of self-massage.
The tasks of hygienic massage: increased blood and lymph circulation, normalization of the psychoemotional state, accelerated workability – preparing a person for the upcoming work.
General hygiene massage takes 15 – 25 minutes, while the duration of massage of individual parts of the body is: neck, back – 5-8 minutes, legs – 4-7 minutes, chest – 3-4 minutes, stomach – 1-2 minutes, hands -2-4 minutes Time for individual massage techniques is distributed as follows (in%): stroking – 10; grinding – 20; kneading – 65; shock techniques – 2; vibration – 3. The prevalence of certain techniques depends on the time of the massage. If the massage is carried out in the morning, then the stimulating techniques (kneading, vibration and percussion techniques) are preferred, if the massage is carried out in the evening, calming techniques (stroking, shaking and shallow kneading) prevail. Of the kneading techniques, an ordinary, double annular is most often used; rubbing – rubbing with weight, the base of the palm, fingertips; vibration – labile, shaking of muscles.
Hygienic massage can be performed in the bathtub, under the shower, as well as various devices (vibration, vacuum, etc.), massagers. General hygiene massage is carried out 2 – 3 times a week, private – daily. The technique and methodology for conducting hygienic massage depends on the nature of human activity, living conditions, age and gender; and for athletes – from the sport, the frequency of training sessions, the intensity of the load, seasonality, etc.
The scheme of general hygienic massage: first collar area, back are massaged, then lower limbs, chest, stomach, arms.
The duration of a private local hygiene massage depends on the area being massed and ranges from 3 to 10 minutes.
General hygienic massage is performed in the morning after sleep or morning exercises (exercises) or 1-2 hours before bedtime.
Massage can also be done through light clothing.
The number of techniques used, their intensity during the procedure often changes, so as not to become addictive.
It should take into account the age, sex of the person being massaged and his health.
The first massage procedures should be gentle and short in time.
After the massage, the patient should rest for 20 to 30 minutes.
The tolerance of massage should be noted in the diary of self-control.
Hygienic massage is used to prevent various diseases, to restore working capacity after significant mental and physical stress, as a rehabilitation measure to restore the body after certain diseases and injuries. Hygienic massage is also used as a means of combating adverse working conditions.
Hygienic massage can be used as an independent procedure and in combination with physical therapy, hygiene measures. Hygienic massage is used especially for preventive purposes.
Elderly people and people who have had a serious illness are shown more gentle forms of massage.
During the first sessions, massage techniques should be less intense. Do not conduct hygienic massage sessions in case of fever, in acute inflammatory processes ”with a tendency to bleeding, with blood diseases, purulent processes, thrombophlebitis and significant expansion of veins, with various skin diseases, inflammation of the lymph nodes, gangrene, with tumors, chronic osteomyelitis, active form of tuberculosis. In addition, you can not massage the abdomen with a hernia, with urolithiasis and cholelithiasis, during menstruation, during pregnancy.
Hygienic massage has several varieties, which include prophylactic, restorative, tonic and soothing, as well as self-massage.