Of all the varieties of massage, therapeutic massage is the option that is purposefully used for the treatment and prevention of various diseases and injuries. It is quite obvious that a given massage can have a beneficial effect on the whole body only when choosing the necessary techniques and their professional performance. Therapeutic massage can reduce nervous excitability, as well as resume some reflexes if they have been lost. In addition, therapeutic massage helps to improve the work of internal organs. The system of this massage itself is nothing more than a combination of mechanical stimuli applied to the body in a dosage form. A therapeutic massage is performed, usually with the help of hands. It is worth considering that the use of various devices for conducting therapeutic massage is not ruled out.How to explain the therapeutic effect of massage? The thing is that the human body reacts in a peculiar way to various soft mechanical influences. Typical massage techniques, such as rubbing, pressing, vibration and several others, contribute to the development of biostimulants by the body. These stimulants primarily tidy up the functions of the nervous system. It should not be assumed that everything is simple and easy, because for a positive effect it is necessary to carefully go through the process of interaction of the nervous and humoral factors. By normal pressure we stimulate a lot of processes and cause a lot of irritating reactions. All these data enter the brain, which already sends signals to certain changes in the organs and systems of the body. It is worth noting that therapeutic massage helps to cleanse the skin. During the massage, the skin gets rid of various microbes, foreign particles and horny scales. In addition to the skin itself, improvement occurs with glands cleansed from secretion. As a result, the skin becomes more resistant to various external influences. But it should be noted that there are two main forms of therapeutic massage. With the local form of massage, only certain parts of the body (back, leg, joint, etc.) can be affected. Such a massage uses a variety of techniques in a small area. As a rule, such massage sessions last up to half an hour once a day. There is also a general form of massage. In this case, those areas that are directly related to the disease are subject to massage. Such a massage can not be carried out every day, but it lasts up to an hour. But the duration of each massage is selected individually depending on the situation. Usually a therapeutic massage is carried out either before bedtime or in the early morning.
Five types of therapeutic massage can be distinguished:
Acupressure is used in cases where it is necessary to affect specific small biological points on the human body.
When using vibration, ultrasound and other devices, a hardware therapeutic massage is performed.
With various diseases of the internal organs, connective tissue massage is done.
Classical massage is considered the most common therapeutic massage option and is performed on a sore spot of the body. Such a therapeutic massage can use not only typical massage techniques, but also additional means, as with hardware massage. Classical massage is often combined with other types of massage.
Classical massage does not have a reflex effect on the body. For these purposes, a special reflex massage is used that acts on the reflexogenic zones of a person.
The forms of therapeutic massage
The effect of therapeutic massage is divided into general and private. In the general form, massage is carried out on all parts of the body, but special attention is paid to those areas that are associated with a particular disease: A general massage is performed for at least 50-70 minutes every other day, in series or every day, depending on the course of the disease and its clinic.
In the private form of massage, only certain parts of the body are massaged, for example, the arm, leg, back, hand, joint, etc. The duration of the session depends on which part of the body is being massaged. A session can last from 3 to 30 minutes. Private massage is carried out according to the method of general massage, is done more carefully, using a large number of receptions on the massaged organ.